The defining characteristics of Period shirts are blousy sleeves and (usually) gathered bodies. Try to keep the material of your shirt as light-weight as possible. I recommend poly-cotton battiste or cotton gauze for the task. Here's a great pattern for a period shirt. If you can get to them before opening day, the jousters also sell a very comfortable shirt in a variety of colors.
The nice thing about shirts is that the same basic pattern can often be used for characters of any class. Noble shirts are often of finer material, and have fancier collars and cuffs. Some lace edging may be appropriate, or even separate ruffs at the wrist and neck.
Peasant shirts tend to be of coarser materials (remember to keep it light-weight), and have plain collars (or no collars at all) and cuffs.
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